What is GIPA ?
The principle of the Greater Involvement of People Living with HIV/AIDS (GIPA) was formally recognized at the 1994 Paris AIDS Summit, when 42 countries agreed to support an initiative to “strengthen the capacity and coordination of networks of people living with HIV/AIDS and community-based organisations”. They added that, “by ensuring their full involvement in our common response to the pandemic at all—national, regional and global—levels, this initiative will, in particular, stimulate the creation of supportive political, legal and social environments”.
The Paris Declaration also expressed “determination to mobilize all of society—the public and private sectors, community-based organisations and people living with HIV/AIDS—in a spirit of true partnership”, as well as to fully involve “people living with HIV/AIDS in the formulation and implementation of public policies [and] ensure equal protection under the law for persons living with HIV/AIDS”.
In 2001, the United Nations Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS endorsed the GIPA principle, which was further upheld in the Guiding Principles of the ‘3 by 5’ Treatment Initiative. These guiding principles state that, “The Initiative clearly places the needs and involvement of people living with HIV/AIDS in the centre of all of its programming” (WHO, 2003).
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) has promoted GIPA since its beginning by involving people living with HIV at all levels, including on its Programme Coordinating Board.
In late 2006, UNAIDS consulted on a draft policy brief on GIPA, HIV Europe submitted a response which can be downloaded here